Thanks to its tropical climate along with its rich and diverse areas, Guadeloupe always proved a generous land, favourable to agricultural production and cattle farming as well as maritime activities.
Thus, agriculture and fishing are traditional activities that helped develop and structure our archipelago, and that remain driving forces in this regard. That is why the Guadeloupe Region strives to support these sectors. Moreover, it aims for a crucial target: increasing the archipelago’s food autonomy.
The agricultural sector
Due to its history, Guadeloupe exhibits a strong agricultural tradition. The agricultural sector employs 12% of the working population and contributes 6% of regional gross domestic product.
Representing a third of the archipelago’s surface area, the archipelago’s agricultural land is mostly devoted to two crops: sugar cane and banana. Yet, both experience a similar tendency: decreasing surface areas, productions and farms. Generally speaking, agriculture is declining.
In addition, almost 7000 hectares, mostly located in Southern Basse-Terre, are contaminated with chlordécone.
On the other hand, current agricultural productions respond to a very small proportion of the population’s food needs, hence the predominance of imports - 90% of the overall consumption.
The Guadeloupe Regional Council is intent on helping agriculture regain its status in our territory. To that end, it pursues a strong policy aiming at preserving agricultural land, supporting the interested parties and encouraging crop diversification.
The fishing, marine affairs and aquaculture sectors
In Guadeloupe, fishing is a promising traditional activity. Demand is strong, for Guadeloupeans are heavy fish consumers - 40kg per year and per person.
The fishing sector shows strong development potential, which will best be achieved since the sector is being modernised and structured.
Aquaculture, which refers to all animal or plant production activities carried in a water environment, also represents a promising activity for Guadeloupe.
The Guadeloupe Regional Council is intent on reinforcing the maritime sector and developing the aquaculture sector, so that they may contribute to the country’s economic development, but also meet a larger part of Guadeloupeans’ needs in this area.
The Guadeloupe Regional Council supports the agricultural and maritime sectors, since they are fundamental, traditional sectors for the territory. It aims at giving them further added value thanks to harmonious and sustainable development efforts. The Region’s long-term goal being to achieve greater food autonomy.
In order to reach its goals, the regional authority follows the guidelines defined by the following schemes:
- the Regional Scheme for Economic Development (SRDE)
- the Regional Development Scheme (SAR)
- the Regional Scheme for Maritime Aquaculture (SRDAM)
- the Sea Management Scheme (SMVM)