Guadeloupe, a promising land

Given its extraordinary biodiversity and abundant natural resources which favour renewable energies, Guadeloupe is a formidable and promising land. In order to preserve our natural heritage, which can be the source of great future perspectives, sustainable development is a must. Thanks to conditions propitious to inventiveness and creativity, our archipelago is also a land of innovation. It thus enjoys an important research and development network as well as  dynamic players in sectors like ICTs, agricultural productions or energy.


Guadeloupe is one the world’s 25 richest areas in terms of biodiversity. It is gifted with an extraordinary natural heritage, whose strong potential suggests a grand future.

White and black sand beaches, deep waters, mangrove, dense and damp forests or waterfalls and rivers… our region possesses an exceptional diversity of natural environments both marine and terrestrial, along with an impressive quantity of remarkable sites. It also comprises:

  • two natural reserves: that of the Grand-Cul-de-Sac-Marin and the Petite-Terre islands (La Désirade);
  • the « Natural Parc of Guadeloupe » monitored by the National Forestry Office since 1970, and which spreads across almost 40 000 hectares.

These landscapes and sites constitute major assets for the territory, and must be protected, promoted and well-used. Some of the benefits expected in coming years include:

  • the reinforcement of the region’s attractiveness
  • the preservation of living conditions, and even their enhancement based on new economic development opportunities.

Thanks to its location at the centre of the Caribbean area as well as its tropical climate, Guadeloupe possesses a world known biodiversity. The richness of its natural resources constitutes a key asset in terms of attractiveness.

The Guadeloupe Regional Council sees to protect this exceptional biodiversity by multiplying initiatives meant to meet the environmental challenges that are threatening it. The regional authority is intent of converting Guadeloupe into an innovative territory — a leading example on matters of biodiversity preservation.

Based on more than 60 000 hectares of natural areas and its exceptional biodiversity, Guadeloupe possesses a precious and crucial capital with regards to its economical, social and cultural potential.

However, it is important to protect it, especially in the face of growing urbanisation and given the impact of pollution and development on the littoral. In that view, optimal synergy between development and environment must be achieved.

The Guadeloupe Regional Council supports planning actions on protected natural sites. It also contributes financially to several programmes striving for the protection of endangered species and other awareness-oriented actions.

The regional authority is focused on responding to the four main challenges listed in its Regional Development Scheme (SAR)

  • development modes must be more respectful of the environment
  • compensation measures in favour of biodiversity must be taken in response to localised damage
  • biodiversity knowledge and acknowledgment must expand
  • protection measures must be transcribed in Local Urbanism Plans (PLU).

Furthermore, the regional authority’s action operates within the 2011-2020 National Strategy for Biodiversity (SNB).

The Guadeloupe Regional Council launched the Regional Plan for Natural Resources and Biodiversity (SRPNB) in November 2013. This tool meant to assist the decision-making process aims at defining the main strands for preserving and enhancing natural resources and biodiversity.

Renewable energies

Guadeloupe has a strong potential when it comes to renewable energies (solar, wind, geothermal and hydraulic power), which must be used as a base for electricity supply. Overall production has progressed ten percentage points over ten years.

Developing these natural energy sources will lead to the emergence of new professions and job creations. Guadeloupe’s commitment to sustainable development is the best way to make sure that it will remain a promising land for future generations.

Sustainable development

A Caribbean treasure, Guadeloupe exhibits an extraordinary fauna and flora, as well as exceptional natural areas. For they are major assets, its beauty and resources must be preserved and enhanced, so that future generations inherit an unspoilt territory. Moreover, the archipelago is facing multiple environmental challenges linked to global warming and our archipelago’s development. In order to respond to those challenges and prepare the future, the Guadeloupe Regional Council acts on a daily basis by implementing a proactive policy in favour of sustainable development.

To preserve our archipelago’s riches and natural resources, rooting for sustainable development has become a necessity.

Guadeloupe faces multiple challenges: 

  • waste management and treatment
  • growing energy consumption and the need for developing renewable energies (wind, solar, geothermal, biomass, hydroelectricity)
  • developing road- and sea-borne public transportation
  • water resources management
  • fighting all sorts of pollution
  • protecting natural sites and biodiversity.

The Guadeloupe Regional Council strives to favour sustainable and balanced development across the territory, all the while responding to current needs of the population as well as to current environmental stakes.

Eager to sustainably develop the archipelago, the regional authority thereby implements:

  • guidelines defined in its Regional Development Scheme (SAR) and its Regional Economic Development Scheme (SRDE)
  • its Regional Scheme for Hazardous Waste Disposal (PREGEDD)
  • its Water Development and Management Master Plan (SDAGE)
  • its Regional Scheme for Wind Power (SRE)
  • its Regional Scheme for Climate, Air and Energy (SRCAE)
  • its Scheme for Sea Development (SMVM).

For more efficiency, the Guadeloupe Regional Council created, on December 9th, 2013,  the Regional Observatory for Energy and Climate (OREC) along with ADEME, DEAL, Météo France and EDF Archipel Guadeloupe. OREC thus provides collectivities, businesses and State departments with key statistics as well as a situational analysis of climate and energy. Furthermore, it helps decision-makers in implementing Guadeloupe’s energy and climate transition in view of reaching energy self-sufficiency by 2050.